Angular Masonry Wall Supports

Masonry brick and stone expand and contract differently. Masonry brick veneer walls are usually designed with horizontal and vertical expansion joints to accommodate these differences. Steel shelf angles are also used to support the weight of the masonry veneer above the expansion joint. You can check for more information.

The engineer sizes lintels and shelf angles to meet the strength requirements of the design code. They are secured to concrete or masonry structural systems through anchor bolts.

The shelf angle is a structural component that transfers masonry veneer wall loads back to the building’s concrete backup structure and, in many cases, eliminates the need for lintels. It’s a simple but effective design solution that prevents cracking in masonry walls by dispersing the loads across a wider area. It also maintains a gap under the brick course, which is critical to proper waterproofing and preventing moisture infiltration.

The key to proper relieving angles is that they must be properly designed and detailed for the specific wall system they are supporting. It includes determining the correct sizing of the rise and its attachment to concrete and steel structures, allowing for expansion and contraction, and ensuring a proper gap under the brick course. In addition, the masonry shelf angle should be provided with metal flashing to protect it from deterioration and water infiltration.

Unfortunately, the construction documents for this project did not provide any details of how the relieving angles were to be installed. It is not unusual, as it’s difficult to anticipate all potential installation problems and errors at pre-construction meetings. However, this omission may have resulted from a mistake or misinterpretation by the contractor.

In any event, the masons installing this project’s masonry used mortar to fill the gaps under the brick courses and tightened the last period of brick up against the underside of the shelf angle. The resulting gap under the brick is too narrow, and as the brick expands, it forces sealant out of the joint. It can lead to long vertical cracks at building corners and brick displacement at the corner of the wall.

This type of distress is often the result of insufficient gaps under the masonry and improper design and detailing of the relieving angles. To remedy this, architects can provide comprehensive masonry restoration services, including the repair of existing relieving arches. We can also thoroughly inspect the existing masonry construction to identify any concerns and recommend repairs to correct them. We can then coordinate with the contractor to ensure these repairs are made during construction and provide regular inspections of the work to verify that the repairs have succeeded.

In modern building construction, floors, interior beams, and other load-supporting portions are supported by a structure of concrete or steel covered with concrete. The outer walls are merely sheathing of brick, stone, or terra-cotta. The weight of these cladding materials is transferred to the frame using relief angles (shelf angles). In multi-story building construction, similar shelf angles are usually used to support these outer walls at practically every floor level. It makes it possible to remove a wall on any one floor without disturbing the brickwork above or below that wall.

Shelf angles are anchored to the concrete building frame with bolts. They are usually provided with a series of slots for accepting the stems of the bolts. Bolted connections are preferred to welding because they allow adjustments and provide flexibility between the structural steel and concrete masonry panel walls. The slotted bolt holes must be properly aligned with the mortarless gaps between the masonry units to ensure the fence does not sag.

It is also necessary that the shelf angle be provided with a horizontal movement joint below it to accommodate frame creep and masonry thermal expansion. It can be achieved by leaving an open (mortarless) space between the bottom of the shelf angle and the concrete masonry panel wall or by forming a compressible joint with grout. In either case, this horizontal movement joint must be sealed to prevent water intrusion.

A shelf-angle support for building construction comprising a supporting means adapted to be partially embedded in the concrete building frame, a hanger consisting of a pair of superposed metallic members, the rear member 21 having a flange portion at its lower end to extend downwardly to support the shelf angle and a front member 22 having a mating opening 23 for receiving the stemv10 of the supporting bolt. In practical use, the hanger members may be positioned by pushing the heads 12 of the bolts upwards until a portion of the rear hanger member is firmly resting against the concrete beam 17 and by swinging up the front member 22.

An expansion joint, also known as a movement joint, is an assembly designed to hold parts together while safely absorbing temperature-induced expansion and contraction of building materials. They are commonly found between sections of buildings, bridges, sidewalks, railway tracks, piping systems, ships and other structures. They prevent structural damage from occurring to adjacent concrete structures due to the stresses induced by expansion and contraction.

In brick masonry walls, an expansion joint is a vertical joint filled with a highly compressible material to allow for shrinkage. A foam filler is often preferred for the expansion joint, as it provides maximum compression and is easy to keep clean during construction. A backer rod and sealant are used to weatherproof the joint as well.

Unlike control joints, which are used to control cracking, an expansion joint is intended to handle large movements of building materials. It is also used to avoid random wall cracking. When using an expansion joint with concrete masonry, it is important to use the correct type for the project.

For example, a control joint is designed to relieve stress induced by small expansion and contraction movements caused by curing. In contrast, an expansion joint is intended to handle the larger structural movement of concrete or masonry materials.

The typical spacing of an expansion joint is 30 percent more than the distance between adjacent corners. However, expansion joints should be placed at material transitions, junctions, and offsets instead of at the hub for maximum performance. It will help to reduce the number of expansion joints needed while minimizing the potential for stress concentrations and cracking.

In addition to expansion joints in angled masonry, movement joints are needed for many construction projects. They can be utilized in poured-in-place concrete, precast and cast-in-place concrete, reinforced and prestressed concrete, steel, and composite structures. The types of movement joints vary by purpose and include joints for small movement (EMSEAL BEJS, XJS, JEP), medium movement (EMSEAL BEES and XEAS), and large movement (EMSEAL EJF and Granor AC-AR). Properly selecting and placing these joints is essential for achieving a high-quality finished product.

  1. Vertical Expansion Joints

Expansion joints usually accommodate the movement of masonry cladding. These are designed to allow for the direction of the cladding caused by a change in temperature and moisture content of the masonry. These joints are commonly found between the masonry and the structural frame of the building. It allows the masonry to move independently of the frame, reducing the risk of moisture entering the framing and damaging the internal structure.

These movement joints must be correctly designed and installed. As with all masonry construction, errors can occur during the design and installation phases, leading to future problems. Therefore, Structural Engineers must be involved in detailing masonry movement joints in external building cladding.

Different movement joints are used in masonry construction, including control, building, and construction joints. Each is designed to perform a specific function and should not be used interchangeably.

A control joint is a plane of weakness in concrete masonry, which, when used with the appropriate reinforcement, controls the location of cracking due to volume changes caused by shrinkage and creep. This type of movement joint is typically sawn, cut, or tooled into the masonry wythe and may be filled with an inelastic material such as foam or a neoprene pad.

Another common type of movement joint is a building expansion joint (or isolation joint). It is a through-the-building joint that separates the masonry from the frame and allows for the expansion and contraction of the masonry. It is often used for buildings over four stories or 12 meters tall.

In the case of angled masonry, the movement of the cladding may be unevenly distributed due to different environmental and climatic conditions. It is important to provide horizontal movement joints in the masonry to ensure the cladding is stable, especially at the intersection of walls. It is also important to ensure that the frame properly supports the cladding and that conventio

The Basics of Plumbing

Bryco Plumbing is a hands-on trade that requires basic math and science skills. In addition, it requires patience and a strong work ethic.


Your employer and clients expect your work to be done correctly the first time. Nobody likes callbacks. Take the time to get things right! This will pay off in the long run.

While plumbing is usually invisible to the homeowner, it is one of the most important parts of a home’s structure. It’s a complex network of pipes that brings water in and takes waste out, connecting different fixtures like sinks, showers, toilets, washing machines, dishwashers, and so on. Many professional residential designers thoroughly map out a house’s plumbing layout to ensure everything connects correctly and is up to code.

The pipe layout in a plumbing plan is the blueprint that shows the location of each fixture and the pipes that will run between them. It’s essential for plumbers to be able to see the layout of a plumbing system before beginning to install it so that they know what to expect and can make any necessary adjustments. A detailed pipe layout also helps prevent costly mistakes by ensuring that all the drains, vents, and water lines are properly routed and supported.

In a plumbing plan, each fixture is represented by a symbol that corresponds to its name on the drawing. The pipes that connect the fixtures are shown as solid or broken lines. It’s important to use a gridded straightedge and scale to draw your plumbing plans so that they are accurate and easy to read. It’s also helpful to color-code each element of a plumbing plan so that it is easy to distinguish between supply and drain lines. You should also include a list of the fixture names and types, the pipe sizes, and any other important information.

A detailed plumbing plan is an invaluable tool for any new construction project. It will help you plan your plumbing fixtures and create a diagram that you can share with contractors to get an idea of what you want your plumbing to look like. A detailed plumbing plan will also help you determine the size of your pipe run and choose the right type of fittings for each fixture.

Creating a plumbing plan is relatively easy with a program such as EdrawMax. The program provides a variety of templates, symbols, scalable options, and remote collaboration capabilities to help you create a plumbing plan that meets your exact needs.

Isometric Drawing

An isometric drawing in plumbing is a specialized 2D drawing that provides a detailed illustration of the layout and configuration of pipes, fittings and fixtures. This type of drawing is used during the construction phase, and it helps to ensure that all piping and equipment is properly installed. It also allows for accurate measurement of piping components.

Isometric drawings are typically created during the detail design phase of a piping project, after the P&ID and other high-level drawings have been completed. They are often drawn on preprinted paper, with lines of equilateral triangles that form 60° angles. These drawings are a 2D representation of 3D piping designs, and they can help with the layout, fabrication, installation, and maintenance of the process.

Some notable features of a piping isometric drawing include: Hatches on the drawings indicate which direction the pipe travels. This information is important because it tells the reader whether a pipe runs to the north, south, east, or west. It can also be helpful for determining the weight of a pipe. A piping isometric drawing should also contain flow arrows, which are used to indicate the direction of flow and the devices that it serves.

A piping isometric drawing should be proportionate and provide accurate dimensions of all components and equipment. The drawing should also show the locations of all flanges and valves, as well as their dimensions. This can help with the planning and cost estimation of the piping system.

Creating an isometric drawing can be challenging, but it can also be a valuable tool for plumbing professionals. By learning how to create these specialized diagrams, plumbers can be sure that their installations are done correctly and efficiently.

Learning how to read a piping isometric drawing is a vital skill for any plumbing professional. Aside from illustrating the exact location of pipework and fixtures, it can also help in the interpretation of other types of technical drawings, such as P&IDs. Aside from this, it can also give an idea of the required materials for a particular task. This can be an important factor in ensuring the quality of work and reducing costs.

Rough-In Drawing

The plumbing rough-in phase is an important part of the overall construction process. It’s the stage where plumbers install vents, waste systems, water lines, and connections. This is done before installing drywall or flooring. This phase is crucial for a plumbing system’s function and longevity. If this stage isn’t done correctly, it can lead to leaks and other issues. It’s also an investment for the future, as it prevents maintenance problems and extends the life of pipes and fixtures.

Rough-in plumbing requires a lot of planning and attention to detail. For this reason, it’s best to leave this type of work to a professional. This plumbing phase involves installing pipes from the main water line to the house, installing the sewage system, and connecting all the drain lines and supply valves. It’s also the time to remove any caps on the drain and supply lines, set up under sink drain assemblies, and install toilet and shower valves. During this phase, the plumber may also drill holes for hose bib lines and install them outside the house.

The first step in the rough-in plumbing process is to create a diagram of the pipe layout. A plumber will use a drafting 30-60-90 plastic triangle to do this, which is available at stores that sell drafting supplies. This type of triangle is ideal because it allows the plumber to mark the angle required for sloped pipes. It’s also helpful for showing changes in direction.

Once the plumbing rough-in is complete, it’s time to test the new system. This is where the plumber will check for any leaks. If any are found, the plumber will repair them before continuing with the finish plumbing.

A professional plumbing service can help with all aspects of the plumbing rough-in process. They will help ensure that the pipes are properly sized and routed to avoid any leaks or blockages. They will also inspect the finished plumbing to make sure it’s up to code.

Many homeowners choose to take on the rough-in plumbing themselves, but this can be a dangerous job. It’s best to leave this task to a professional to avoid any accidents or mistakes that could lead to costly repairs down the road.


The plumbing system in a building is a network that carries water to various points in the house where it is used for cooking, washing, heating, and drinking. This system also conveys waste water and sewage to a wastewater treatment plant or disposal area. A plumber is a skilled tradesperson who installs and repairs these systems. The piping system is usually constructed from metal or PVC, and the plumbing fixtures are connected to these pipes. The main components of a plumbing system are the water supply and water distribution system, the waste disposal system, and the drainage system.

A plumbing plan can be made using symbols, a graphical way of representing equipment and parts in a diagram. There are many different symbols available, and each one has a specific meaning. Some examples include a faucet, drain, and toilet. A faucet is a fixture that can be turned on and off by turning a handle, while a toilet is a fixture that flushes waste away from the human body.

A good plumbing drawing is important for the proper functioning of a building. It ensures that water and gas is supplied, provides drainage passages, and prevents pipeline destruction. It is also helpful in maintaining the connection by indicating where the tools are located. It is possible to make a plumbing plan easily using the help of software. This software is available for free and provides a library of templates and over 260,000 vector symbols. Some of the most popular options include Edraw Max, SmartDraw, and QUICK PLUMB.

Edraw Max offers a variety of templates and a comprehensive symbol library with thousands of plumbing plan symbols. It also supports isometric drawings, 3D renderings, and auto pipe sizing. Its intuitive interface and advanced features allow users to create high-quality diagrams quickly. It is free for simple system designs, but full access to its symbol libraries starts at $99 per month.

Creating plumbing plans can be time-consuming, but with the right software, it can be easy and efficient. Using an online template can save time and money, and can ensure the accuracy of your work. Using a tool like EdrawMax is an excellent choice, as it allows you to customize the templates and icons according to your needs.

Business Lending Blueprint Reviews

Business Lending Blueprint is a comprehensive training course that helps you become a business loan broker. It uses digital marketing strategies to identify businesses that require financial assistance. This business model generates a commission check of up to $20,000 per deal.

Business Lending

It also teaches you how to sell merchant cash advances, which are a form of alternative funding. This is a high-demand market, and the Business Lending Blueprint program offers full-time income opportunities. Read on Business Lending Blueprint Reviews for more information.

The Business Lending Blueprint is a training program that teaches people to act as brokers between business owners seeking financing and lending companies. It is a business strategy that can be very lucrative for those who are comfortable pursuing leads and conversing with others. It is not a good fit for everyone, however.

Oguz “Oz” Konar is the founder of Business Lending Blueprint and Local Marketing Stars, the company that owns it. He has worked in the financial industry for over ten years, and his net worth is estimated to be in the millions. He has an extensive network of lenders and partners, and he is well-versed in the process of financing a business.

In addition to a comprehensive training course, Business Lending Blueprint offers ongoing support and live events. It also has a private Facebook community with lenders and funding partners that members can work with directly. These lenders and partners know that Oz has created the most comprehensive training in this industry, so they are willing to work with new members of Business Lending Blueprint.

Business Lending Blueprint is a course that shows you how to sell different types of working capital, including merchant cash advances, to small businesses. This type of financing is not considered a loan and does not affect a business’s credit, so it can be an effective alternative for those in need of quick capital. This is a highly profitable business, and it can yield six-figure incomes.

You can start a Business Lending Blueprint business from home, using your laptop and a WiFi connection. This business can be run anywhere in the world. Some members of the BLB community even travel the globe, living life first and focusing on their income second. They can take weeks or months off, and they know that their money will continue to roll in. This is a true lifestyle business.

The program includes a private Facebook group where students meet each other and share their success stories. You can also get access to video testimonials of students who have benefited from the program. The testimonials are a great way to see what other people have experienced with this course. They can help you determine whether it is right for you.

It’s not a scam.

Business Lending Blueprint is a training course that teaches people how to earn six-figure incomes by becoming loan brokers. In other words, they take sales calls for high-ticket loans that businesses need to grow. The course also gives them access to lending partners, so they can make money every time they sell a business a loan. Each transaction yields anywhere from $2,000 to $30,00 in commissions, so they can build a thriving business. This is a lucrative business that is recession-proof and can be done from home.

More than 80% of small business loan applications are rejected, creating a huge need for business owners to find funding. The founder of Business Lending Blueprint, Oz Konar, has been working in the alternative lending industry for over a decade. He has built many six- and seven-figure businesses. He is a millionaire and has been featured in numerous publications.

The Business Lending Blueprint training program teaches people how to become experts in multiple business and startup financing options, including government funding, long-term loans, invoice factoring, and credit card processing. In addition to the training, members get a support coach and a weekly session with Konar himself. They will also learn how to build their own websites, use a virtual assistant, and market themselves as business consultants.

Another important aspect of the program is its refund policy. If a member does not achieve the results they expect within 30 days, they can request a full refund. This allows them to try out the system before deciding whether it is right for them.

The system has been around for a few years now, and it has helped countless people change their lives for the better. Its success has led to the creation of a number of other programs that teach people how to make money as business loan brokers. However, not all of them are successful, and some have even been labeled as scams by reviewers. This is why it’s important to research any program before making a decision. It’s better to spend your money on something that will give you a good return on your investment.

It’s not a get-rich-quick scheme.

Business Lending Blueprint is a business that provides a high-demand service to small businesses. The company specializes in providing working capital for business owners who need money to purchase inventory, finance equipment, or expand their businesses. It also provides financing to companies that don’t have the track record needed to qualify for traditional loans. Its training program is comprehensive and includes mentoring, support, and marketing materials. The company is based in Las Vegas, Nevada.

The program is taught by Oguz “Oz” Konar, a highly experienced financial professional with a wealth of knowledge about the business world. He is also the founder of a local marketing firm, Local Marketing Stars. His net worth may be in the millions, but he is a generous person who wants to help others achieve their dreams.

In his training video, Oz explains how the business works and encourages people to get involved. He claims that his students have earned over $40,000 per month in commissions, but it’s important to approach such claims with a bit of skepticism. This is because business loan brokers work directly with customers, and their success depends on their ability to sell and close deals.

Besides the business coaching, you can also receive weekly Q&A calls and a private Facebook group that allows members to collaborate and discuss growth opportunities. This is a great way to learn from other entrepreneurs and build a network. You can also earn a referral bonus if you refer a friend to the business.

Business Lending Blueprint also provides a complete business plan, including sales scripts and contracts that make it easier to sell. This will give you a competitive advantage over other lenders. The plan is available for free and can be downloaded from their website.

Another perk of this program is that it can be done from home or anywhere else in the world with an internet connection. The best part is that you can get started right away without the need for a physical office or other overhead costs. This makes it a great option for those looking to get out of the corporate grind.

It’s a legitimate business.

The Business Lending Blueprint is a training course that teaches you how to sell merchant cash advances (MCAs). Its founder, Oz Konar, has an impressive track record and has developed a reputation as a business guru. He has been featured in Forbes and has helped countless people start their own businesses.

His program teaches you how to make a significant income by finding businesses that need financing and offering them MCAs. Once the business agrees to a deal, you receive your commission check. Konar claims that he has personally made over a million dollars a year as a business loan broker, and his system can help you do the same.

Konar offers weekly Q&A calls to answer your questions and provide support. He also offers an exclusive private Facebook group where you can collaborate with other members. Many of these members have generated substantial incomes and are able to quit their day jobs.

However, it’s important to remember that this is not an easy program. You must be committed and have the right mindset to succeed in this industry. Business Lending Blueprint teaches you how to use digital marketing strategies such as paid social media ads to generate leads. You can then sell these leads to a number of lenders who will offer them loans.

If you’re a beginner, it may take you a while to become comfortable with the process and build your client list. However, if you follow the instructions, you can start making money in less than six months. The program also includes a website and all the documents you need to sign with clients.

One of the most important things to consider when choosing a business model is whether it’s scalable. While it’s possible to make a good living from selling MCAs, you should understand that it won’t be as lucrative as a traditional business. You’ll need to invest a lot of time and effort, but it can be well worth the work in the long run. It can also help you sleep better at night, knowing that your bills are covered and you’re starting to build real wealth.